Comprehensive Borders Projects
Impacts of Border Delays at California-Baja California Ports of Entry
In April 2016, SANDAG, in partnership with the California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) and the Imperial County Transportation Commission (ICTC), began a study called A Fresh Look at Impacts of Border Delays at California-Baja California Land Ports of Entry.
Building upon previous studies and data collected in the California-Mexico border region, this study will assess the economic and air quality/climate impacts caused by border delays at California-Baja California ports of entry (POEs): San Ysidro-El Chaparral, Otay Mesa-Mesa de Otay, Tecate-Tecate, Calexico West-Mexicali I, Calexico East-Mexicali II, and Andrade-Los Algodones. The study is scheduled to be completed in late 2017.
The main tasks of this study include:
• Conduct surveys/interviews at California-Baja California POEs
• Collect border wait time data
• Develop and implement an outreach plan for both economic and air quality/climate
• Estimate economic and air quality/climate impacts of border delays
• Develop study recommendations
In 2006, SANDAG, in partnership with Caltrans released the Economic Impacts of Border Wait Times Study, an extensive effort to estimate economic impacts of border delays on the binational economy at San Diego-Baja California land POEs. The study looked at productivity, industry competitiveness, and lost business income at the regional, state, and national levels for the United States and Mexico. Due to overburdened infrastructure capacity, crossborder congestion and delays reached up to two hours or longer for personal trips and goods movement. Study findings estimated that the effects of border crossing delay cost $7.2 billion in foregone gross output and more than 62,000 jobs in both the U.S. and Mexico economies in 2007.
In 2012, the Southern California Association of Governments (SCAG) and the Imperial County Transportation Commission (ICTC) completed the Goods Movement Border Crossing Study and Analysis to gather and synthesize information on goods movement through the Imperial County-Baja California land POEs. For commercial and passenger vehicles at the Calexico West and Calexico East land POEs, the study estimated total output losses of more than $620 million in California and nearly $630 million in Baja California. The combined losses total $1.25 billion for California and Baja California's economies in 2012. Similarly, more than 4,800 jobs in California and approximately 3,900 jobs in Baja California were not created due to border delays in 2012.
An Assessment of Existing “Gaps” on Border Data (including Wait Times) was conducted to identify data collection needs focusing on economic, emissions, and border crossing wait time information as well as traffic and volume data.
The Survey Methodology and Plan includes the survey questionnaires used to collect field data relevant to the economic and emissions analysis. To gather a robust field data sample, three “waves” of surveys were conducted at different times of the year at the six POEs.
The Border Crossing Wait Time Estimation Methodology outlines the components and structure of the proposed border wait estimation model. It also describes the proposed data sources that will be used as inputs to the model for estimating and forecasting border crossing wait times.
The Emissions Outreach Plan provides an overview of tasks related to air quality/climate impacts and the framework for the emissions peer review roundtable conducted in February 2017. Roundtable participants included federal, state, and local air quality agencies, academics, federal border inspection agencies, and other public agencies. Input was received on the proposed methods and data involved in the emissions analysis for the study.
The Economic Outreach Plan includes a similar peer review element to solicit input from economists, economic development councils and stakeholder groups on the proposed methods and data inputs for measuring economic impacts. To understand how businesses involved in cross-border industries are impacted by border wait times, interviews with individual businesses also will be conducted.
Elisa Arias, Principal Regional Planner
Phone: (619) 699-1936, Email: email@example.com
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